Karl Marx

The (in)famous author of the Communist Manifesto.


In 1843, Karl Marx, a Jew himself, wrote an essay on the integration of Jews into society, which some today call "anti-Semitic." In it he argues that, in a secular state, religious individuals, Jews included, will keep their religious affiliations. Though individuals can be "spiritually" and "politically" free in a secular state, they can still be bound to material constraints on freedom by economic inequality...